USYD Artificial Intelligence & Employee Monitoring Worksheet

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PART 1 | ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE I
Artificial intelligence has been increasingly adopted across many industries in recent years due to
the technological advances in machine and deep learning and subsequently the falling cost of
making predictions. One application of artificial intelligence in business is employee monitoring,
which has been often reported by various media outlets, such as:
The Economist. “Smile, you’re on camera: There will be little privacy in the workplace of the future.”
March 28, 2018. (Use your MQ OneID to view)
Cater, Leonie & Melissa Heikkilä. “Your boss is watching: How Al-powered surveillance rules the
workplace.” Politico. May 27, 2021.
Address Questions 1–3 within the maximum word count. Any number of words less than or
equal to the maximum can achieve a high mark as long as you meet the standards in the rubric.
Revise your discussions before submission to enhance brevity and clarity.
Question 1 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Discuss how the use of artificial intelligence in employee monitoring could affect the following:
.
The firm’s profit
The firm’s bargaining power
The workers’ wellbeing
The workers’ bargaining power
.
Question 2 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Discuss whether the use of artificial intelligence in employee monitoring brings about a Pareto
improvement. Your discussion must refer to your discussion for Question 1.
Question 3 | [15 marks, max 300 words]
Discuss whether the use of artificial intelligence in employee monitoring results in a fairer outcome.
Your discussion must refer to both of the following:
procedural judgement of fairness
substantive judgement of fairness
.
PART 2 | ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE II
The insurance industry is one of the areas which have been highly disrupted by the emergence of
artificial intelligence. For example, the underwriting process, which involves assessing the risk of
insurance applicants and determining whether to provide insurance, has been predicted to become
significantly faster as machine and deep learning models, powered by a dramatic increase of
consumer data, facilitate the automation of the process. The following articles address this
disruption in detail:
McCurry, J., “Japanese company replaces office workers with artificial intelligence”, The Guardian,
January 5, 2017
Balasubramanian, R., A. Libarikian, & D. McElhaney, “Insurance 2030– The impact of AI on the future of
insurance”, McKinsey & Company, 2021.
Consider Bruno who manages an underwriting team in an insurance firm. Recently, the
management of Bruno’s firm informed him of their decision to create a new risk assessment team,
consisting of data scientists with machine learning expertise, and reduce the size of Bruno’s
underwriting team. Bruno’s underwriting team will now work with the new risk assessment team
in order to determine whether to provide insurance to applicants.
Address Questions 4–6 within the maximum word count. Any number of words less than or
equal to the maximum can achieve a high mark as long as you meet the standards in the rubric.
Revise your discussions before submission to enhance brevity and clarity.
Question 4 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Use the model of a firm’s technology choice and graphically illustrate the management’s
restructuring decision in a diagram with isocost curves. Your diagram should have the amount of
human intelligence on the horizontal axis and the amount of artificial intelligence on the vertical
axis. Fully label your diagram. Note that there are no actual numbers given in this question: you
may make them up or simply use appropriate notations. Briefly explain the key information of your
diagram.
Question 5 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Graphically illustrate the impact of the management’s restructuring decision on the firm’s
production function. Your diagram should have the amount of human intelligence on the
horizontal axis and the number of decisions on whether to provide insurance on the vertical axis.
Fully label your diagram. Note that there are no actual numbers given in this question: you may
make them up or simply use appropriate notations. Briefly explain the key information of your
diagram.
Question 6 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Consider Angela who currently works as a data scientist with machine learning expertise. Recently,
she was offered a job by Bruno’s firm. The job offer includes a higher salary than her current job and
the freedom to choose the number of work hours per day. But Angela is also an amateur musician
who desperately dreams of becoming a professional one day. This motivates her to practice music
as much as possible, which makes her value her free time very much.
Using the model of individual choice, and assuming Angela accepts the job offer, graphically
illustrate the impact on her choice of free time and consumption. Fully label your diagram. Note
that there are no actual numbers given in this question: you may make them up or simply use
appropriate notations. Explain specifically its impact on the following:
Angela’s choice of free time
Angela’s consumption level
Angela’s utility level
PART 3 | COVID VACCINATION
Read the following article and be informed about the vaccination roll-out in Australia:
O
de New, J. P., A. Scott, & K. Parakash, “Our survey results show incentives aren’t enough to
reach a 80% vaccination rate”, The Conversation, August 10, 2021.
Address Questions 7–9 within the maximum word count. Any number of words less than or
equal to the maximum can achieve a high mark as long as you meet the standards in the rubric.
Revise your discussions before submission to enhance brevity and clarity.
Question 7 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Discuss i) the social dilemma we may observe in the process of the vaccination roll-out and ii) how
it can be understood by game theory. To help your discussion, consider individuals who are to
choose between two strategies: i) to get vaccinated now and ii) to wait and see. Your discussion
must refer to the following:
social dilemma
prisoner’s dilemma
public goods game
Nash equilibrium
O
Question 8 | [10 marks, max 200 words]
Provide a potential solution to the social dilemma you discussed in Question 7. You must cite at
least one reputable source from your own research. Use the source(s) to support your argument; do
not simply quote the source. Include the full reference at the end of your answer, which will not
count towards the word limit. Use a standard referencing system (e.g. Harvard style).
You may use the following resources to help find reputable sources and cite them:
Referencing guide from MQ Library website
Webinar recording: Critical Thinking and Persuasive Writing (by Dr Danielle Kent)
Question 9 | [15 marks, max 300 words]
Evaluate whether your proposed solution is ethically acceptable by using either a consequentialist or
a deontological framework. Your discussion must include:
O
.
the definition of your chosen ethical framework, and
the reasoning behind your ethical judgement.
See the week 6 lecture Section D and the supplementary lecture to assist your discussion.

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economics

Artificial Intelligence

Employee monitoring

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