University of California Berkeley Carbon Taxes in the United States Presentation


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Proposal: Carbon Taxes in the United States
1. Greenhouse gases pose adverse impacts on the environment.
2. Countries have formulated policies to curb carbon emissions into the atmosphere.
a. An example of a policy is the carbon tax.
It places a price on carbon emissions that companies produce (Metcalf 6).
3. Therefore, the topic has been selected to investigate whether some states in the U.S. have
adopted carbon taxes to curb carbon emissions.
Does an American Carbon Tax Exist?
1. There exists a carbon tax in some specific states in the United States.
a. These states have a carbon pricing policy characterized by financial incentives to curb
GHG emissions.
b. These policies have played an essential role in enabling states to reduce the level of
their carbon emissions.
2. A carbon tax ensures that companies responsible for these carbon emissions pay for them.
a. It ensures that companies bear the burden of their emissions (The World Bank).
b. Carbon pricing allows states to achieve their environmental goals in a least-cost and
flexible manner.
Where Does it Exist?
1. Several states in the U.S. have carbon pricing policies.
a. Eleven Northeast states have these policies. They include “Virginia, Vermont, Rhode
Island, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine,
Delaware, and Connecticut” (Ye).
b. California also has a carbon tax policy. It proposed a tax rate of $20 for every ton of
CO2 (State of California 1).
How Did it Happen?
1. The carbon pricing policies were formulated due to the need to curb GHG emissions.
2. They stemmed from the mandatory cap-and-trade program to reduce carbon emissions
Resources to be used
The first resource to be used was written by Metcalf in 2019. It will be used to support the need
for a carbon tax policy in the United States. The second article by Ye will be used to discuss
states that have implemented “carbon pricing policies.” The third article by the World Bank will
be used to examine how carbon pricing works. The last article by the State of California will be
used to discuss California’s proposed carbon tax policy.
Works Cited
Metcalf, Gilbert. On the Economics of a Carbon Tax for the United States. BPEA Conference
Drafts, 2019
The State of California. Proposed Carbon Tax for the State of California., 2020,
bon%20tax.pdf. Accessed on 14 August 2021
The World Bank. Pricing Carbon. The World Bank Group, 2021, Accessed on 14
August 2021
Ye, Jason. U.S. State Carbon Pricing Policies. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, May
2021, Accessed on 14
August 2021

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Explanation & Answer:
8 Slides

1 Greenhouse gases

carbon pricing policy

carbon emissions

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