Module 08 Study Ideas- Know the Concepts (Don’t just memorize…

Question Module 08 Study Ideas- Know the Concepts (Don’t just memorize… Module 08 Study Ideas- Know the Concepts (Don’t just memorize definitions)Pain assessments- appropriate questions & approachesProvocativeWhat makes your pain worse?What makes your breathing worse? PalliativeWhat makes your pain feel better?What makes your nausea better? QualityWhat does the pain feel like?Note: If the client struggles to answer this question, you can provide suggestions such as “aching,” “stabbing,” “burning.”What does the itching feel like? QuantityHow bad is your pain?How bad is the itchingRegion Where do you feel the pain?Point to where you feel the pain.Where exactly do you feel nausea? RadiationDoes the pain move around?Do you feel the pain elsewhere?Do you feel nausea elsewhere?Severity(severity scale)How would you rate your pain on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being no pain and 10 being the worst pain you’ve ever experienced?TimingWhen did the pain start?What were you doing when the pain started?Where were you when the pain started?Is the pain constant, or does it come and go?If the pain is intermittent, when did it last occur?How long does the pain last?When did your breathing issues begin?What were you doing when the itching first started?Where were you when the itching first started?Is nausea constant, or does it come and go?If the nausea is intermittent, when did it last occur?How long did nausea last?Treatment Have you taken anything to help relieve the pain?Have you tried any treatments at home for the pain?Have you taken anything to relieve the itching better?Have you tried any treatments at home for the itching? UnderstandingWhat do you think is causing the pain? What do you think is causing the rash?Skeletal injuries and assessments- What would you assess for and why?What is osteomyelitis? Interventions? Patient education?Inflammation or swelling that occurs in the bone. It can result from an infection somewhere else in the body that has spread to the bone, or it can start in the bone — often resulting from an injury. Osteomyelitis is more common in younger children (five and under) but can happen at any age.surgery to remove portions of bone that are infected or dead, followed by intravenous antibiotics given in the hospitalKeep the area where the IV is clean and dry. Watch for signs of infection (such as redness, swelling, fever, or chills). Make sure you give yourself the medicine at the right time. Do not stop the antibiotics even when you or your child begins to feel better.Immobility—What is a priority nursing intervention & why? What is atelectasis? Collapsed part of the lung is caused by a blockage of the air passages (bronchus or bronchioles) or by pressure on the lung.Anemia, prolonged bed rest with few changes in position, shallow breathing, and underlying lung disease.Turning to prevent breakdown, put padding on the skin once redness appears. Dry and cleanROM to prevent muscle atrophy. Heels up to prevent the breakdown of heels. Review traction for a leg fracture. What is it? Why is it used? Treatment method for broken bones. It’s a system where a combination of pulleys, pins, and weights promotes the healing of fractured bones. What do you need to observe/assess for? How to manage the weight.Subjective & Objective information you would gather for clients with immobility & musculoskeletal disorders12% loss of muscle strength per weekTypes of musculoskeletal disorders: OsteoporosisChange in calcium metabolism leading to the possible formation of renal calculiImpaired balanceFoot dropAltered joint mobilityPathological fracturesDecreased stabilityUnderstand compartment syndrome—signs & symptoms, etc. What is a bunionectomy?How to assist patients with immobilityWhat is fat embolism? A fat embolism occurs when fat globules are released into the bloodstream. It’s most commonly associated with trauma, such as a bone fracture. Symptoms, if present, typically occur 24 to 72 hours after the trauma. They include shortness of breath, confusion, and a rash.What is paresthesia? Paresthesia refers to a burning or prickling sensation usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet but can also occur in other body parts. The sensation, which happens without warning, is usually painless and described as tingling or numbness, skin crawling, or itching. What is a contracture? How would you assess for a DVT?What is ORIF?What is avascular necrosis?How would you assess clients with visual impairment? Review different conditions/diseases that cause visual impairment. Patient education for carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoporosis, and musculoskeletal injuries-home care measures. We talked about Sprain versus Strain…what is the difference?What are some diagnostic tests that can be performed for musculoskeletal disease or injuries?Priority in care…always ABCs first! (airway, breathing, circulation/perfusion) Health Science Science Nursing NURSING NUR2356 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)