Individual Discussion Questions: 1.) Whats the difference between a civil service system and a merit system? What does it mean when we state that merit systems have been perverted for traditional political purposes (Shafritz et al., 2013, p. 399)? What do you think of so-called patronage appointments? 2.) Discuss the evolution of Civil Service reform. What do you believe the future holds for the Civil Service system? Are there any improvements that you would make? Why or why not? 3.) How does each bureaucratic subsystem discussed by Stillman (2005) contribute to influencing the policy process? How does the size, composition, and relationships of groups in bureaucracy influence its work/impact? 4.) How do labor relations practices differ in the public sector versus the private sector? Should public sector workers be allowed to strike? Why or why not? DiscussStillman, R. (2009). Public Administration: Concepts and Cases (9th Edition). Cengage Learning US. https://bookshelf.textbooks.com/books/978128522479.Shafritz, J. M., Russell, E. W., Borick, C. P., & Hyde, A. C. (2016). Introducing Public Administration (9th Edition). Taylor & Francis. https://bookshelf.textbooks.com/books/978131721392
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Leadership and Administration in
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