ECON 7002 Dalhousie University Alibaba Chinese Based Multinational Company Discussion

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Student name: John Doe
Student number: 123456789
ECON 7002- Semester 2, 2021
Markets in Action
Word count: 1234
[Include only words written under the four
criterion headings below. Exclude all section
headings, diagrams, figures and references.
Words over the 1300 limit will be penalised.]
The Chosen Firm
1. Introduction
1.1 Firm Characteristics (word count: 123)
(Briefly describe the nature and characteristics of the chosen company and
its operating environment.)
1.2 Market structure (word count: 123)
(Outline the market structure of the market you have chosen. Also, argue
for the price elasticity of demand and the price elasticity of supply of such product.)
2. Analysis of the government Intervention (word count: 123)
•
(Describe one real-life example of the current or upcoming
government intervention in the market that has been occurring or
being reported on no earlier than 12 months before the submission
date. A reference for this intervention must be provided. This is not
for you to come up with the intervention by yourself.
•
Outline the reason(s) why the government wants/wanted to influence
the market (e.g. to alter the market price and/or the market quantity
sold or demanded).
•
What do you think the intervention was meant to achieve?
•
Explain the means by which it could achieve this. How would this
impact market suppliers and consumers?
•
(If applicable) How do the price elasticity of demand and the price
elasticity of supply affect the magnitude of impact from this market
intervention?
•
Note any unintended consequences of the policy. Briefly describie
how they might arise.
•
Overall, who is likely to benefit and who is likely to be disadvantaged
by the intervention? Is the company you chose likely to benefit or
likely to be disadvantaged by the intervention?)
3. Cross Comparison (word count: 123)
(Provide other government intervention previously engaged in a similar
market that was meant to achieve the similar outcome(s) as in section 2. Compare
these outcome(s) to section 2.)
4. Critical Reflection (word count: 123)
(Critical reflection of the analytical approach, emphasising its strengths and
weaknesses for the real world.)
5. Reference
Student name: John Doe
Student number: 123456789
ECON 7002- Semester 2, 2021
Markets in Action
Word count: 1234
[Include only words written under the four
criterion headings below. Exclude all section
headings, diagrams, figures and references.
Words over the 1300 limit will be penalised.]
The Chosen Firm
1. Introduction
1.1 Firm Characteristics (word count: 123)
(Briefly describe the nature and characteristics of the chosen company and
its operating environment.)
1.2 Market structure (word count: 123)
(Outline the market structure of the market you have chosen. Also, argue
for the price elasticity of demand and the price elasticity of supply of such product.)
2. Analysis of the government Intervention (word count: 123)
•
(Describe one real-life example of the current or upcoming
government intervention in the market that has been occurring or
being reported on no earlier than 12 months before the submission
date. A reference for this intervention must be provided. This is not
for you to come up with the intervention by yourself.
•
Outline the reason(s) why the government wants/wanted to influence
the market (e.g. to alter the market price and/or the market quantity
sold or demanded).
•
What do you think the intervention was meant to achieve?
•
Explain the means by which it could achieve this. How would this
impact market suppliers and consumers?
•
(If applicable) How do the price elasticity of demand and the price
elasticity of supply affect the magnitude of impact from this market
intervention?
•
Note any unintended consequences of the policy. Briefly describie
how they might arise.
•
Overall, who is likely to benefit and who is likely to be disadvantaged
by the intervention? Is the company you chose likely to benefit or
likely to be disadvantaged by the intervention?)
3. Cross Comparison (word count: 123)
(Provide other government intervention previously engaged in a similar
market that was meant to achieve the similar outcome(s) as in section 2. Compare
these outcome(s) to section 2.)
4. Critical Reflection (word count: 123)
(Critical reflection of the analytical approach, emphasising its strengths and
weaknesses for the real world.)
5. Reference
Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
Essay: Markets in Action
Maximum 1,300 words — 35% of the course final mark
Due by 4:00pm, Monday 11 October 2021
Choose a real-world market and a real-world company that operates in that market. Write
a 1,300 word essay using the tools of economic analysis describing and explaining how a recent
or upcoming domestic and/or international government policy could affect the company, its
consumers and, if applicable, broader social welfare. Graphs and figures should be included if
they support your analysis. You should summarise your analysis in a single paragraph in your
essay’s conclusion. Finally, you should briefly criticise your analysis, emphasising its strengths
and weaknesses for understanding and providing policy guidance in the real world. Provide a
properly formatted references section (not a bibliography) for all cited claims. You must write
the essay using the template provided. Failure to do so will attract a penalty.
Your essay must be saved as a Word document and submitted via the Turnitin assignment
folder on the Econ7002 Blackboard website by the due date and time.
This is an exercise in which, among other outcomes, you need to demonstrate your independence
in identifying and conducting an economic analysis of a relevant company+market+policy scenario. All information you need is contained in this instruction sheet. Please do not email
questions about the assignment to your teaching team. All questions should be raised
during the lecture, so that all students receive the same information.
1.1
Task Details
1) Briefly describe the nature and characteristics of your chosen company.
2) Briefly describe the prevailing market structure including (as applicable) relevant demandside and supply-side elasticities, externalities, public goods features, price controls, taxes,
tariffs, subsidies, trade quotas and/or any other forces relevant to market efficiency and the
firm’s competitiveness.
3) Briefly describe the recently enacted or upcoming domestic and/or international government
policy facing the market.
4) Describe the announced reason and some other potentially plausible (possibly unannounced)
reasons why the government might want to enact the policy.
5) Using the tools of economic analysis, explain how the announced government intervention
will achieve its stated aims. Depending on the intervention, the analysis in both macroeconomics as well as microeconomics perspectives may be required. For example, if you use the
macroeconomic policy such as unemployment benefits to analyse, then the macroeconomic
impacts must be discussed.
6) Note any unintended consequences of the policy, briefly describing how they might arise.
7) List and briefly describe any other reasonable means the government possesses for achieving
its stated aims. Include a short statement with each describing its likely market and welfare
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Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
impacts. Explain why the government chose to implement its announced policy instead of
adopting another approach.
8) Find and briefly describe a real-life example of an essentially similar government intervention
in an essentially similar market at any time previously anywhere in the world. Did that
intervention produce its intended results? How can that example be used to inform your
economic analysis in item 5, above?
9) Conclude your essay with a critical reflection about how useful your economics approach is
for understanding and providing policy guidance in the analysed situation in the real world.
1.2
Clarifications and Guidelines
• Item 5 is the centrepiece of your work. You should aim to do it well.
• Market structure describes the conditions of the market, e.g., whether it is perfectly competitive, a monopoly, monopolistic competition, or an oligopoly.
– You must clearly state the market structure on which you are basing your analysis.
– Justify your statement of the market structure model you use.
• Except for monopsonies and oligopsonies, you can choose a firm operating in any market
structure for your essay. By the time we have discussed monopolies, you should have
a good foundation for analysing perfect competition and monopoly market structures.
Monopolistic competition and collusive oligopolies (which are in different respects both
similar to monopolies) should also be quite accessible. Note that discussion of these
are introduced relatively late in the course. Please be aware that if you choose a noncollusive oligopoly you will need to study much of the underlying theory of oligopolies
on your own, including undertaking considerable research on material that we will not
cover in this course. (If you are interested in an oligopolistic market, you can for example
look at models of “Cournot competition.” It can help if you know calculus for this.)
• Use proper and consistent referencing style, including in your citations. You need to
provide any in-text citation wherever applicable. It is recommended to follow the UQ
Harvard referencing style. Guidelines for correct referencing techniques can be found in
the UQ library, which can be accessed on the website https://guides.library.uq.edu.
au/referencing/uqharvard-version-for-printing.
• Your essay’s word count must not exceed 1,300 words. Penalties apply otherwise. Your
word count excludes material included in tables, figures, graphs and your essay’s References list. You must indicate the word counts in each section as per the template and
ensure of the maximum 1,300 words in total.
• You will benefit by using diagrams similar to those presented in the course and textbook.
These should be fully and correctly labelled. Appropriate use of diagrams is essential for
receiving high marks.
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Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
• The assignment is due by 4:00pm on Monday 11 October 2021. Unless prior agreement for
late submission has been formally provided by the Course Administrator, essays submitted
after the due date and time will be penalised according to the section 5.3 of the Econ7002
Electronic Course Profile. A description of the process required for obtaining an Extension
of Assessment Due Date can be found in section 6.1 of the Econ7002 Electronic Course
Profile.
• Try to upload your assignment a few hours before the deadline since Blackboard and
Turnitin system overloads can occur close to the deadline time.
1.3
Frequently Asked Questions
(a) What is a “recent or upcoming policy”?
A recent or upcoming policy is a policy that has been introduced in the last 12 months,
i.e, October 2020 or later, or that is planned for the near future. The abolition
within the last 12 months or planned abolition of a government policy also counts as a
recent or upcoming policy.
(b) Does the market and company I choose have to be Australian?
No. However, all references must be in English (i.e., if you list a website, journal or
newspaper article as a reference that supports your description of a foreign market, it must
be in English).
(c) I do not have the data to exactly plot the aggregate demand/supply curve in my market.
What can I do?
In almost all cases, you will not have the time or resources to gather the data to exactly
plot the aggregate demand and supply curves for your market.1 Therefore, your figures will
be mostly qualitative rather than quantitative in nature.
The quantitative figure above exactly specifies where the demand and supply curves lie,
whereas the mostly qualitative figure only specifies that the equilibrium price is 2, but
leaves open the exact slopes of D and S, etc. The qualitative figure is nonetheless useful:
1
Of course, if you can access such data, that is fantastic!
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Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
e.g., by demonstrating that D and S still satisfy the laws of demand and supply, depicting
relative price elasticities of demand and supply, etc.
Despite the absence of detailed information, qualitative figures allow you to draw important
conclusions. E.g., you may be able to conclude from your qualitative figures that after the
government intervention, the market price will fall and consumer surplus will increase, or
that the burden of a tax might fall unevenly on suppliers or consumers, even though you
will not be able to determine by exactly how many dollars the price will fall, exactly how
the tax burden will be split, or by exactly how many dollars consumer or producer surplus
will change.
(d) Do I have to format my essay in a particular way?
Yes. Please use the template.
• Include your personal name, your family name and your student number on top section.
Also indicate the word counts in each section. Your word count should exclude
material included in tables, figures, graphs and your essay’s References section.
• Use 1.5 line spacing or double line spacing.
• Fonts must be easily readable, including those used for figure captions.
(e) My essay is 1,305 words long. Do I have to cut it down to 1,300 words?
Yes, you have to. We are strict with the word limit.
(f) How do I submit my essay?
Instructions for the submission of the essay via Turnitin will be posted on blackboard closer
to the submission deadline. The submission will be electronic in Word format only (no
hardcopies or pdf format).
(g) The Turnitin “similarity report” shows a similarity of x%. Is this still acceptable?
Short answer: I do not know. Long answer: The similarity report is a tool that assists essay
graders in recognising if a part of your essay has been plagiarised. In some cases, the report
mistakenly picks up passages that have been correctly cited. In other cases, the report fails
to pick up plagiarised passages. If your similarity score is 0% but you plagiarised and it is
discovered by another method, I will refer your case for investigation. If your essay contains
a correct quote that the report picks up, this will be ignored. What matters is not primarily
the similarity score but that you do not plagiarise — this is an important responsibility
that you have as an author.
1.4
Marking Guidelines
Your submission will be graded on your performance in these areas:
• Content: relevance to the question, sound interpretation and understanding of economic
theory.
• Clarity and robustness of argument: logical thinking, clarity, succinctness and coherence.
• Fit of the theoretical model and analysis to the presented policy situation.
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Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
• Use of clear, well-labelled, relevant diagrams that support your arguments.
• Evidence of reading outside of your main source article and textbook.
• Use of references: correct and consistent citation format in the body of your essay; correct
and consistent referencing format in the References section at the end of your essay. You
should support your arguments with at least five (5) references . Note that the References
section is just that. It is not a Bibliography (enter “references section vs bibliography”
into your favourite internet search engine to see the difference).
The following problems will attract penalties:
• Failure to answer the question (see Task Details, above).
• Writing style: incorrect grammar or spelling; long or disconnected sentences; incoherence;
over-use of quoted material.
• Failing to grasp or address the core concepts or ideas.
• Poorly or ineffectively structured essay.
• Unclear or illogical flow of ideas.
• Ineffective, badly composed or unclear arguments.
• Weak or missing Introduction section.
• Weak or missing Conclusion section.
• Weak or missing critique of your analysis in your Conclusion section.
• Improper or missing citations and references.
• Including a Bibliography rather than a References section.
• Any amount of plagiarism.
• Late submission.
• Not using the template
• Exceeding the word count
• Choosing an older policy than instructed or making up the policy yourself.
1.5
Check-List and Hints
I recommend that you check your essay against the following bullet points.
• The main goal of your essay is not to reproduce a textbook or toy model analysis, but
rather to apply your knowledge of (theoretical) economic models in one specific, real-world
case. Ask yourself whether your analysis of the real-world scenario is the centerpiece
of your work?
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Econ7002
Semester 2, 2021
• Do you explicitly name the one policy whose effects you analyse?
• Is your writing focused (free of unnecessary information) and have you explained your
arguments well?
Imagine that you have written your essay for your company CEO. Say you write about
Widget Empire Australia, an Australian subsidiary of Widget Empire Inc., a world-leader
in the production of widgets operating in dozens of countries. You are analysing the effects
of an import tariff on widgets recently passed into law by the Australian Government.
– Your CEO is a very busy person. She needs to grasp the consequences of the import
tariff on widgets in the shortest possible time. Hence, it is important that your essay
remains as focused as possible. For example, a brief description of the nature and
characteristics of Widget Empire Australia is useful background information that
helps establish the context of your main analysis. It may be useful for justifying why
you based your analysis on the economic model of a monopoly. However, a history of
Widget Empire U.S.A., the U.S. subsidiary of Widget Empire, may not be necessary
to understand your analysis in the Australian widget market context. Your CEO
would prefer that you skip a description of Widget Empire U.S.A., as she does not
need to understand Widget Empire U.S.A. for the issue at hand.
– It is crucial that you underpin your claims with factual information and logical
analysis. For example, your CEO may be frustrated if you simply write:
The demand for widgets is relatively inelastic.
You have provided no basis for your CEO to evaluate that claim. She would much
prefer that you explain and justify your claim. For example,
The demand for widgets is relatively inelastic in Australia. This is because
widgets are an essential tool for anybody living close to a beach (like the
majority of the Australian population), and because there are no good substitutes for widgets. Walter Widget estimates the elasticity of the demand
for widgets to be 0.13 in absolute terms (Widget, 2019, p. 17).
Later, in your References section, you can provide the exact reference:
Widget, Walter (2019), Widgets for Everybody, New York:Widget International Press, 2nd edition.
• Ensure you do not claim things unless they are supported by facts or conclusions from
reputable sources. You will need to cite every claim you make. For example, it is poor
form to write:
Widget Empire Australia’s sales increased by 50% in 2018.
Rather, you should include a properly cited source for the claim, e.g.,
Widget Empire Australia’s sales increased by 50% in 2018 (Widget, 2019, p. 6).
then include a reference to Widget (2019) in your References section.
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Semester 2, 2021
• Does the economics model you chose for your analysis fit your chosen issue well? Have
you justified your modelling choice? Have you justified all assumptions that you make?
• Is your essay well-structured? A clear structure makes your essay flow smoothly, thereby
making it easy to read. Ideally, you should split your essay into appropriate, well-defined
and well-titled sections.
• Have you fully and properly labelled all figures and diagrams?
• Have you explained all figures and diagrams in your essay? It is not enough to simply
add diagrams to your work. You must also explain to the reader what each one means
and the conclusions you draw from it.
• Are all words spelt correctly? Are all sentences grammatically correct? In general, it is
good practice to use plain English rather than complicated expressions and complex
sentence structures.
• Do all citations possess a corresponding entry in your References section? Are any entries
in your References section uncited in your essay body? If so, they are bibliographic entries
and will be penalised (see Marking Guidelines, above.)
• Please be very careful to avoid plagiarising any material in any part of your essay. Copying
from others, from textbooks and internet sources is unacceptable unless properly cited.
Plagiarism can involve serious consequences.
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Essay Submission Link
Click on this link to upload your essay.
Please note the following:
* use the essay template (located in the Essay information folder above).
* essay submission format (doc, docx).
* do not upload pdf format.
* only submission via Turnitin will be accepted
* due date: 11th October 2021, 4:00 PM
students can resubmit their submission unlimited times before the due date. A new submission automatically overwrites the old one.
* all submissions are checked for plagiarism by Turnitin. All offences will be dealt with seriously and a heavy penalty could be imposed as a result.

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