ECON 112 AUST Forms of Plagiarism Government Multipliers Excerpt Question

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Econ 112
Homework 2
“Writing in Your Own Voice”
When students write about papers they’ve read, they sometimes have difficulty keeping a clear distinction
between their own voice and those of the authors of the source papers. This exercise will help illustrate how to
use others’ work appropriately and ethically, so that it’s always evident to your reader which ideas and writing
are your own, and which you learned from your reading.
Part 1: Clarifying the rules.
Go to Indiana University’s plagiarism resource page: https://plagiarism.iu.edu/plagiarismPatterns/
There are several examples of “word for word” plagiarism (wfw), “paraphrasing” plagiarism (para). Read all
examples carefully, and make sure you understand the explanations.
“How can I be plagiarizing if I didn’t use any words from the source?”
Pay special attention to the “paraphrasing” plagiarism. Since we often think of plagiarism as word-for-word,
examples that plagiarize but without stealing phrasing from source papers are particularly important to
understand.
Part 2: Writing your own examples, using Indiana University’s examples as a model.
Below is an excerpt from Ramey, V. and S. Zubairy (2018). Government Spending Multipliers in Good Times
and in Bad: Evidence from U.S. Historical Data. Journal of Political Economy, 126(2), 850-901,
https://doi.org/10.1086/696277
We find mixed evidence on the size of the multiplier at the zero lower bound. For the full sample, there
is no evidence of multipliers greater than one at the zero lower bound. When we exclude the rationing
periods of WWII, however, we find multipliers as high as 1.5 in the zero lower bound state in some
cases. We also demonstrate that most of the differences in conclusions between our work and that of the
leading alternative study on state-dependent multipliers of Auerbach and Gorodnichenko (2012) lie in
subtle, yet crucial, assumptions underlying the construction of impulse response functions on which the
multipliers are based. In contrast to linear models, where the calculation of impulse response functions is
a straightforward undertaking, constructing impulse response functions in nonlinear models is fraught
with complications. Furthermore, when we apply their threshold VAR method to our longer sample, but
in a way that is more consistent with the data-generating process, we find results that are very similar to
those produced by the Jordà method.
Imagine that you’re writing a paper about government spending multipliers, and you want to use the
information from this excerpt. Write a paragraph for such a paper, using the information in the excerpt
above, in three versions:
1)
2)
3)
The first version of the paragraph should contain “word for word” plagiarism of the excerpt.
The second version of the paragraph should contain “paraphrasing” plagiarism of the excerpt.
The third version should use the excerpt correctly, without plagiarism. Paraphrase, don’t quote, the
information you use from the excerpt.
Finally, write a brief explanation of what’s wrong with each of the first two paragraphs.
Original assignment design: Sarah Stockwell, Assistant Teaching Professor, Biological Sciences, UCSD
Adapted by Matt Nelson, Director, UCSD Writing Hub and Giacomo Rondina, Associate Teaching Professor, UCSD

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Non-Linear Models

Multipliers Excerpt

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