AH Reducing Healthcare Costs by Innovation & Examination of Social Determinants Poster

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Reducing Healthcare Costs by the Innovation and Examination of the Social Determinants in U.S.
Introduction
Data & Methods
Key Findings (contd.)
Discussion
Key Findings
References
Use this matrix to help put the information in the poster and explain below the poster.
Use only the ten articles below.
Focus on the topic (Reducing Healthcare Costs by the Innovation and Examination of the Social Determinants in U.S).
Name of the Article
Objective of paper
Citation
Key
Study Design,
purpose/objective Qualitative or
of the paper
quantitative
Contact details of lead author
Methods used
Participants/Variables
used
Results
Number of
participants
Summary of the major
themes, summary of
findings
Cross-section or
longitudinal
Key characteristics of
the sample (age, sex,
etc.)
IRB
Country
3 KEY FINDINGS]
Outcome variable
Independent variables
Adler, N. E., Glymour, M. M., &
Fielding, J. (2016). Addressing
social determinants of health and
health inequalities. Jama, 316(16),
1641-1642.
Nancy E. Adler is the lead
author of this article, and she is from
the University of California, San
Francisco.
contact details are:
The main
objective of this
article is to
address social
determinants of
health and health
inequalities.
The research design used The study has chosen
by authors is explanatory the high-income group
research design
nations such as the US.
Variables were social
determinants of health
and health inequalities.
There were no
participants since the
authors were reviewing
previous literatures
It was found that
addressing upstream
social determinants of
health is important.
It was also found that
reducing healthdamaging risks factors
and fostering healthpromoting resources play
a vital role in healthcare.
Health inequality should
be addressed by
improving access to
clinical healthcare
services for all people.
Address 3333 California Street
San Francisco CA
94118
Phone 415-476-7285
Email Nancy.Adler@ucsf.edu
Fraze, T. K., Brewster, A. L., Lewis,
V. A., Beidler, L. B., Murray, G. F.,
& Colla, C. H. (2019). Prevalence of
screening for food insecurity,
housing instability, utility needs,
transportation needs, and
interpersonal violence by US
physician practices and
hospitals. JAMA network open, 2(9),
e1911514-e1911514.
•
•
The main
objective of the
article is to
characterize
screening for
social needs by
hospitals and
physician
The lead author is Taressa K. practices.
Fraze.
contacts details are;
Address 3333 California Street
San Francisco CA
94118
Email
The research was crosssectional survey analysis
of the responses of the
hospitals and physician
practices.
A sample of 2190
physician practices
were used.
A sample of 739
hospitals were also
used.
Responses were gathered
from survey participants
The country used is the
from June 2016 to
US.
August 2018.
The outcome variable
was screening for
social needs.
About 16% of US
physician practices
reported screening for
food insecurity and
housing instability.
Hospitals could also be
more inclined to screen
the patients for housing
and transportation needs
as a part of the process of
discharge because the
hospital authority is
subject to government
regulations on the safety
of patients.
taressa.fraze@ucsf.edu
Independent variables
were housing stability,
transport needs,
interpersonal violence,
and food insecurity.
Primary care
improvement models and
Medicaid accountable
care organizations are
screened more than other
hospitals.
Marmot, M., Friel, S., Bell, R.,
Houweling, T. A., Taylor, S., &
Commission on Social Determinants
of Health. (2008). Closing the gap in
a generation: health equity through
action on the social determinants of
health. The lancet, 372(9650), 16611669.
•
•
The lead author of this
article is Marmot Michael.
Contact details are: 677
Huntington Avenue
Kresge Building 7th Floor
Boston, MA 02115
Phone: 617.432.1135
m.marmot@ucl.ac.uk
The objective of
this article is to
establish health
equality for
minimizing the
consequences of
social
discrimination
Summarizing the
findings and
recommendations from
the final report that was
published in 2008.
Quantitative research.
The findings showed that
The country of was the safe housing and
transportation are
US.
important social
determinants.
The sample size used
was not disclosed.
Violence, discrimination,
Dependent variable was and racism affect the
health equity.
health care service
delivery.
Independent variables
were
social Education, income, and
determinants
job opportunities also
play a vital role in
determining the health of
people.
Mays, G., Dobbins, J., Franklin, S.,
Renda, A., Hagan, A., Brown, C., …
& Lawrence, P. (2021). Nudges for
Networks: Community?Level
Effects of a Health Plan Initiative to
Address Social
Determinants. Health Services
Research, 56, 82-83.
•
•
The lead author of this
article is Mays Glen.
His contacts are:
glen.mays@cuanschutz.edu
The objective of
this article is to
investigate the
function of
different health
plans for reducing
the cost for the
patients.
A longitudinal survey
was taken into
consideration in this
survey, and it was
collected during 20122018.
The US was the
country of study.
A large number of
Humana members and
employees
Cross-sector network
density was observed to
increase by 18.4% for the
gold community and on
the other hand, for the
comparison group, it was
only 1.8.
The mortality rate can be
reduced by more than 5%
in the upcoming 10 years
if the area of the gold
community is increased.
A substantial change in
the community network
can be assured by
initiating a health plan
program.
Peeler, A. W. (2019). Strategies for
Cost Saving Through Social
Determinants of Health. Journal of
Healthcare Management, 64(4),
222-230.
•
•
Peeler Andrew is the lead
author.
He is a Chief Financial
Officer.
His contacts are not available
The study observes
The research design used people related to health
by authors is explanatory care services in the US.
research design.
The objective of
this article is to
examine the
participation of the
community and
It was qualitative
individuals in
research.
improving the
settings of the
healthcare sector.
Community-based
organizations collaborate
for improving the health
condition of the society
and it has been found that
Dependent variable was awareness among people
cost saving
is also very important for
identifying various health
issues
Independent variables
were social
determinants of health
Working with
policymakers to pass and
implement health
interventions also save
costs.
Building housing and
communities focused on
health could also reduce
costs.
Sterling, S., Chi, F., Weisner, C.,
Grant, R., Pruzansky, A., Bui, S., …
& Pearl, R. (2018). Association of
behavioral health factors and social
determinants of health with high and
persistently high healthcare
costs. Preventive medicine
reports, 11, 154-159.
•
•
The lead author is Stacy
Sterling.
Her contact details are;
Address 2000 Broadway
Oakland CA 94612
Email
The main
objective of this
article is to
investigate the
relationship
between
behavioral factors
and social
determinants of
health and high
and persistently
high healthcare
costs.
Telephone interviews
were arranged for this
study from 1st January
2009 to 31st December
2011.
It was quantitative
research.
915,535 patients from
different health plans
were communicated for
the telephonic
interview.
High-cost patients had
high prevalence of EHRrecorded anxiety,
personality disorder,
major psychosis, and
depression.
The mental health
conditions of the patients
strongly influence the
ability to recover from
any physical illness
High-cost patients had a
higher disease burden
than their counterparts.
Taylor, L. A., Tan, A. X., Coyle, C.
E., Ndumele, C., Rogan, E.,
Canavan, M., … & Bradley, E. H.
(2016). Leveraging the social
determinants of health: what
works? PloS one, 11(8), e0160217.
•
Taylor Lauren is the lead
author
Her contacts are not available.
The objective of
this article is to
identify the impact
of the expenditure
in the health care
sector or in the
social services for
improving the
outcome of the
health services.
The researchers
reviewed the recently
published peer-reviewed
literature.
The research was
quantitative.
123 unique articles
were explored in this
study.
It was found that positive
health outcomes reduce
costs.
The country of study
was the US.
Food banks, housing
communities, schools are
the unconventional
partner for linking the
Dependent variable was low-income group
impact on investment
people.
in social services.
to the community and in
this way, health services
at low cost can be offered
Independent variables
to them.
were social
determinants of health.
Spending on nutrition,
health and safety varies
from one group to
another depending upon
the socio-behavioural
pattern and the income
level of individuals.
Thornton, R. L., Glover, C. M.,
Cené, C. W., Glik, D. C.,
Henderson, J. A., & Williams, D. R.
(2016). Evaluating strategies for
reducing health disparities by
addressing the social determinants
of health. Health Affairs, 35(8),
1416-1423.
•
•
Thornton Rachel is the lead
author of this article.
Her contact detail is.
(931) 583-0432)
The objective of
this article is to
explore the
rationale of the
intervention of
society, neighbors,
housing
community, and
school in ensuring
positive health
impact at nominal
cost in the US.
A survey has been
adopted as the tool of
primary data collection.
The country is study is
the US.
The findings showed that
interventions directed
towards healthcare sector
are insufficient.
The literature has
focused on exploring
data from African
American racial
groups.
Although interventions
are primary social
determinants, they are
more likely to ripple
effects on other
Dependent variable was determinants.
health disparities.
Reduction and
Independent variables
elimination of disparities
were social determinant is advantageous to the
US economy.
Walters, K. L., Spencer, M. S.,
Smukler, M., Allen, H. L., Andrews,
C., Browne, T., … & Uehara, E.
(2016). Eradicating health
inequalities for future
generations. Retrieved from
http://aaswsw. org.
•
•
Walters Karina is the lead
author of this article.
He is a professor in the
University of Washington.
His contact details are not available.
The objective of
this article is
unearthed ways of
eradicating health
inequalities for the
future generations.
Reviewing and
comparing the past
studies.
It was qualitative
research
The country is study is
the US.
Data were collected
from secondary
sources.
Promotion of the full
access to health care
programs has been
identified as the key to
improving the condition
of the health of people
from different cultural
backgrounds.
Dependent variable was Community
empowerment led to
health inequalities.
health sustainability.
Independent variables
were social
determinants and social
work
Full access to health care
for all people could also
eradicate health
inequalities.
Williams, D. R., Costa, M. V.,
Odunlami, A. O., & Mohammed, S.
A. (2008). Moving upstream: how
interventions that address the social
determinants of health can improve
health and reduce
disparities. Journal of public health
management and practice:
JPHMP, 14(Suppl), S8.
•
•
Williams David is the lead
author of this article.
His contact details are;
677 Huntington Avenue
Kresge Building, Room 709
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 432-4794
dwilliam@hsph.harvard.edu
This objective of
this article is to
examine how
interventions
addressing social
determinants of
health can reduce
disparity
Secondary data
collection has been taken
into consideration for indepth analyzing the
research topic and
through the secondary
research, a wide variety
of data can be explored.
The country of study is
the US.
Nurse-family partnership
programs are important
in dealing with health
disparities.
Secondary data sources
were used here.
Early childhood
academic interventions
and enrichment are also
important.
The US policymakers
focus on improving the
health services among
the targeted population as
well as reducing social
discrimination and due to
this reason, unique law is
formed by them.
References
Adler, N. E., Cutler, D. M., Fielding, J. E., Galea, S., Glymour, M. M., Koh, H. K., & Satcher, D. (2016). Addressing social
determinants of health and health disparities: A vital direction for health and health care. NAM Perspectives
Fraze, T. K., Brewster, A. L., Lewis, V. A., Beidler, L. B., Murray, G. F., & Colla, C. H. (2019). Prevalence of screening for food
insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, transportation needs, and interpersonal violence by US physician practices and
hospitals. JAMA network open, 2(9), e1911514-e1911514.
Marmot. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. The Lancet.,
372(9650), 1661–1669. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61690-6
Mays. (2021). Nudges for Networks: Community?Level Effects of a Health Plan Initiative to Address Social Determinants. Health
Services Research ; HSR., 56, 82–83. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.13838
Peeler, A. W. (2019). Strategies for Cost Saving Through Social Determinants of Health. Journal of Healthcare Management, 64(4),
222-230.
Sterling, S., Chi, F., Weisner, C., Grant, R., Pruzansky, A., Bui, S., … & Pearl, R. (2018). Association of behavioral health factors and
social determinants of health with high and persistently high healthcare costs. Preventive medicine reports, 11, 154-159.
Taylor, L. A., Tan, A. X., Coyle, C. E., Ndumele, C., Rogan, E., Canavan, M., … & Bradley, E. H. (2016). Leveraging the social
determinants of health: what works?. PloS one, 11(8), e0160217.
Thornton, R. L., Glover, C. M., Cené, C. W., Glik, D. C., Henderson, J. A., & Williams, D. R. (2016). Evaluating strategies for
reducing health disparities by addressing the social determinants of health. Health Affairs, 35(8), 1416-1423.
Walters, K. L., Spencer, M. S., Smukler, M., Allen, H. L., Andrews, C., Browne, T., … & Uehara, E. (2016). Eradicating health
inequalities for future generations. Retrieved fron http://aaswsw. org
Williams, D. R., Costa, M. V., Odunlami, A. O., & Mohammed, S. A. (2008). Moving upstream: how interventions that address the
social determinants of health can improve health and reduce disparities. Journal of public health management and practice:
JPHMP, 14(Suppl), S8

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