1. What is the first step of recording information to memory?…

QuestionAnswered step-by-step1. What is the first step of recording information to memory?…1. What is the first step of recording information to memory?   storage  retreival  encoding  recall  2. Saying someone’s name over and over in your head is an attempt to preserve material in one’s memory. This is called __________.   retrival  storage  encoding  recall  3. Short term memory holds items for up to 30 seconds.   True  False  4. Jane is 87 years old, has dementia and cannot remember her wedding day. Her ______ memory has been affected by dementia.   short-term memory  long-term memory  sensory memory  explicit memory  5. Memory is a constructive process whereby we give meaning and lend our expectations to given events.   True  False  6. Amnesia, Alzheimer’s Disease and Autism are all memory -related disorders.   True  False  7. In the process of thinking, mental representations do NOT include which of the following:   Words  Sounds  Data  Visual Images  Social cues  8.  Which of the following is considered a ‘cognitive shortcut?’Algorithms  Critical thinking  Heuristics  Mind Map  A and B  A and C  All of the above  9. The issue of homelessness includes several key arguments. On one hand, thought leaders suggest that homeless people are responsible for their improving their life outcomes. Those in opposition to this view argue that the government/welfare state needs to look after vulnerable citizens, such as those who are homeless. This is an exam of _________.   An Argument  A counter-argument  Problem framing  A social dilemma  10. One of the challenges with solving problems is that we have the tendency to think of an object in terms of its functional use.   True  False  11. Mary does not have a cleaning cloth, so she decides to use the newspaper to clean the mirror. This is an example of _____________   Divergent thinking  Convergent thinking  Heuristic thinking  Critical thinking  Option 4  12. Considering the laws of language, what law best describes the following statement: “It’s raining cats and dogs”   Phonetics  Syntax  Semantics  Metaphor  13. Who is one of the most prominent linguists?   Alfred Binet  Noam Chomsky  Abraham Maslow  Jean Piaget  14. The term ‘intelligence’ is fixed and very rarely takes on new interpretive meanings.   True  False  15. Which thought leader challenged the G-factor theory?   Noam Chomsky  Howard Gardner  Alfred Binet  Adam Wechsler  16. Which is NOT a major approach to motivation?   Drive Reduction  Incentive  Cognitve  Social  Hierarchy of Needs  17. People who have higher affiliation needs are particularly sensitive to relationship with others. They desire to be with the friends more often than along compared to people who are lower in the need for affiliation.   True  False  18. Genes affect physical attributes but also personal characteristics   True  False  19. A ‘zygote’, which contains 13 chromosomes- with each member of each pair coming from the father and the other coming from the mother.   True  False  20.Which is NOT one of the 5 major personality traits?   Openness to experience  Conscientiousness  Extraversion  Apathy  Agreeableness  21. Personality is assessed using which of the following:   Self-report measures  Personality tests  Behavioural assessments  All of the above  22. Paula and Marge were both adopted as infants. Paula was raised in the city, while Marge was raised on a farm. They both agree that the environment shaped their individual personalities. This is an example of ______.   Nature  Nuture  Ecology  All of the above  23. This model of emotion claims that the physiological and emotional arousal are produced by the same nerve stimulus.   James-Lange theory  Cannon-bard theory  Schachter-Singer theory  Roew-Kahn theory  24. In FREUD’s psychodynamic explanation of personality, the ID refers to ____________.   the implusive and unconscious part of our psyche  the conscious part of our mind that deals with reality  internalized moral standards and guidelines for making judgements  the phallic part of the personality  25. Projections is an example of a defence mechanism whereby _____________________.   A person’s neagtive behaviour is attributed to someone else  A person forecasts future danger gradually  A persons’ unpleasent reality is ignored  A person releases their anxiety out onto someone else  26. Who did NOT challenge Freud’s theory on personality development?   Jung  Horney  Maslow  Adler  27. For ADLER, which is NOT a characteristic of the middle child?   Adaptable  Peacemaker  Sensitive  Social  28. A humanistic approach to understanding personality emphasizes the importance of taking account of one’s inner world and genetic factors.   True  False  29. Which stage of Eric Erikson’s stages of human development represents initiative vs. guilt?   Infancy  Early Childhood  Preschool  School Age  30. Disengagement theory suggests that it is natural and mutually beneficial for society when older adults withdraw from society as they age.   True  False  31. Piaget and Vygotsky have opposing views on cognitive development in children.   True  False  32. What is the new stage which has been recently added to Elizabeth Kubler’ Ross’ five stages of death?   Sharing  Meaning  Constructing  Processing  33. Group Therapy is a type of treatment which fits within which approach to treat psychological disorders?   Cognitive  Humanistic  Behavioural  Interpersonal  34. Jane feels like she cannot adequately prepare for the final exam. When she sits down to study she is overwhelmed with anxiety. She solicits the advice of a therapist to deal with this concern. The therapist works on restructuring Jane’s irrational belief so that she can approach the exam in a more realistic way. This is an example of:   Behavioural Approach  Cognitive Therapy  Group Therapy  Observational Therapy  35. Which is the most common type of psychological disorder in North America?   Anxiety  Personality Disorder  Depression  Bipolar Disorder  36. Which is NOT a shortcoming of the DSM-5   Diagnosis is based on observed behaviour  It compartmentalizes people into “all-or-none” categories  It relies too much on a biological perspective  It stigmatizes and labels people  37. The Bio-Psycho-Social model suggests that psychological disorders are impacted by which of the following: Biological influences  Psychological influences  Socio-cultural influences  All of the above  38. Jane and Mark are working collaboratively on a group project. To mitigate the tensions among the group, Mark takes a nonaggressive collaborative approach. What type of personality type does Mark have?   Type A  Type B  Type C  Type D  39. 9/11 is an example of a __________ event   Cataclysmic  Personal  Post-Traumatic  Background Stressors  40. Joan has just encountered a very stressful situation. Although she is dealing with great adversity, she approaches the situation as a challenge to overcome and is motivated to do so. What type of coping style does Joan demonstrate?   The Hardy Personality  Resiliance  Social Support  Positive Psychology PsychologySocial ScienceSocial PsychologyShare Question

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